Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Emperor Akbar And The List Of Fools English Language Essay

Ruler Akbar And The List Of Fools English Language Essay The ruler Akbar had numerous leisure activities. He enjoyed playing chess and flying kites; He preferred tuning in to accounts of different grounds; however his preferred interest was gathering ponies, acceptable ponies. One day a pony seller went to the royal residence. He had a group of ponies to sell. The ruler came out and took a gander at the ponies. They are fine ponies, said Akbar. Sick get them. Have any more? No sir, said the vendor. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you give me some cash, I will go to Afghanistan and get some more. Akbar gave the pony seller 200 silver rupees for the group of ponies, and 200 rupees more to bring more ponies from Afghanistan. He gave him the cash yet he didn't ask him any inquiries. He didn't ask what his name was, the place he originated from, or where he lived. The pony vendor took the cash and left. A couple of days after the fact, Akbar solicited Birbal to make a rundown from the ten greatest morons in India. Birbal made the rundown rapidly, and took it to the sovereign. As Akbar read it, his eyes opened wide. The sovereigns name was at the highest priority on the rundown! Whats this, Birbal? the head yelled. For what reason is my name at the highest priority on the rundown? You have the right to be at the top, Birbal clarified. You offered cash to an outsider, and you didnt ask what his identity was or were he originated from. Isnt that silly? However, I gave him the cash to purchase ponies, said Akbar. At the point when he brings me back the ponies, Ill㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦Ã£ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¦.. At the point when he presents to you the ponies, Ill expel your name from the highest priority on the rundown, and Ill compose his name there rather, said Birbal. At that point Akbar acknowledged he had in fact been stupid. 1a) Take the tale of The rundown of boneheads and compose the same number of inquiries as you can consider; utilize many inquiry types as you can for every one of the five levels. Clearly, you would not utilize every one of them in one exercise. LEVEL ONE 1) What is the heads name? Answer : his name is Akbar 2) The head likes to play chess? a) genuine b) bogus Answer : valid 3) Did the sovereign purchase ponies? Answer : Yes he did 4) How much did the sovereign compensation for the ponies? Answer : the sovereign paid 200 silver rupees satisfactory answer : 200 silver rupees. 5) Did the sovereign need to purchase more ponies? a) Yes b) No Answer : yes LEVEL TWO 1) what number leisure activities does the head have? a) 1 b) 2 c) 4 d) 5 Answer : 4 2) Who went to the royal residence? a) Birbal b) the pony dearler Answer : the pony seller 3) What is Akbars most loved interest? a) playing chess b) gathering ponies Answer : gathering ponies 4) Did Akbar as k the pony seller his name ? Answer : no he didnt 5) What is a dolt? a) somebody senseless b) somebody astute Answer : somebody senseless LEVEL THREE 1) Where does Akbar live? Answer : he lives in India Satisfactory answer : in India 2) What did Akbar ask Birbal to do? Answer : He solicited to make a rundown from fools Adequate answer : a rundown of dolts 3) Where did the pony vendor state he was going? Answer : he said he was going to Afghanistan Adequate answer : to Afghanistan 4) Did the pony vendor return? a) yes b) no Answer : no 5) Who was on the rundown of dolts? Answer : It was Akbar Worthy answer : Akbar LEVEL FOUR 1) Name all of Akbars diversions? Answer : playing chess, gathering ponies, flying kites and tuning in to stories Answers may not really be in this specific request 2) What is a group of ponies? Answer : It is a gathering or a lot of ponies. 3) When did Akbar solicit Birbal to make the rundown from fools? Answer : A couple of days after the fact 4) Why was Akbar shocked by Birbals list? Answer : he was astounded in light of the fact that his name was at the top. Adequate answer : his name was on the rundown 5) Why did Birbal compose the heads name on the rundown? Answer : He composed the heads name in light of the fact that the sovereign offered cash to an outsider without knowing his name or where he originated from. Adequate answer : He offered cash to an outsider LEVEL FIVE 1) Who is more shrewd, Akbar or Birbal? Answer : It is Birbal 2) Why did Akbar gave another 200 silver rupees to the pony vendor? Answer : To purchase another group of ponies Adequate answer : to purchase more ponies 3) Do you figure the pony vendor will return ? Answer : Much of this answer will rely upon the understudies perspective. a) The most evident would be that the pony seller won't return and that he was more brilliant than the head. b) Some understudies might need to answer indeed, accepting that the pony seller is a legit man. 4) In your conclusion, for what reason do you think Akbar never asked the pony sellers name or where he originated from? Answer : Because Akbar confided in the pony seller 5) Why did Akbar interfere with Birbal? Answer : in light of the fact that Akbar was irate to see his name on the rundown Adequate answer : he was irate 1b) When you have done this, choose the surmised age and level of a class of understudies with whom you could utilize the story. I) Assume you are utilizing it for listening perception, and make a choice from the above state, 20 inquiries for oral inquiry and answer. Offer the responses that you anticipate from the understudies and which you would discover worthy. This is a class of youthful grown-ups at a pre-middle of the road level. The entry The rundown of boneheads is being utilized for listening cognizance and talking practice. A rundown of twenty inquiries has been set. What is the sovereigns name? Answer : His name is Akbar Where is the rulers royal residence? Answer : the castle is in India What is Akbars most loved pastime ? Answer : his preferred side interest is gathering ponies What sort of ponies does the ruler like ? Answer : he loves fine ponies. Who went to the castle? Answer : the pony seller Did the ruler like the ponies ? Answer : yes he did What makes you think the sovereign preferred the ponies? Answer : in light of the fact that he needed to purchase more ponies What amount altogether did the head pay the pony vendor? Answer : he paid altogether 400 silver rupees Where was the pony vendor going : Answer : he was going to Afghanistan What is the pony sellers name ? Answer : it was never referenced Do you figure the pony seller will return ? Answer : The appropriate response will shift as per the understudies, some may decide to accept the pony vendor is a fair man, while others may accept the seller is untrustworthy and won't return. Who is Birbal in the story ? Answer : he is the court agent, or like the Prime Minister. For what reason do you think the ruler never asked the pony seller any inquiries? Answer : The appropriate response will change as indicated by the understudies, some may think the sovereign confided in the pony vendor, while others may accept the head was not extremely keen. What did the sovereign ask Birbal to do? Answer : he solicited him to make o list from the ten greatest boneheads in India What is an imbecile ? Answer : a senseless individual or somebody who has accomplished something senseless In the story, what do you think the articulation His eyes opened wide mean? Answer : It communicates the rulers shock when he saw his name at the highest priority on the rundown of simpletons. Clarify for what reason was the ruler astounded to see his name on the rundown of nitwits ? Answer : The appropriate response will create various answers. The primary answer will be, as the sovereign he ought to be not be incorporated as he is the leader of India. Who do you believe is more astute? The sovereign or the pony seller? Answer : the pony vendor for taking the cash. For what reason did the Emperor yell at Birbal? Answer : He felt offended to be at the highest priority on the rundown For what reason did Birbal interfere with the Emperor toward the finish of the story ? Answer : to cause the Emperor to understand that he had been stupid for confiding in an absolute outsider with cash. 1b) When you have done this, choose the surmised age and level of a class of understudies with whom you could utilize the story. Presently accept you are utilizing the story for concentrated perusing. Set up a worksheet of 10 inquiries testing understanding and jargon. (A few however not all might be like those in I.) Include at any rate 2 numerous decision questions and two WH questions. Demonstrate the appropriate responses you would discover adequate. This is a class of youthful grown-ups at a pre-middle of the road level. The entry The rundown of blockheads is being utilized for serious perusing. A worksheet of ten (10) questions has been set to test the perception and jargon. What is an Emperor ? Answer : He is a man who is the leader of a realm/a ruler, an illustrious pioneer In the sentence A group of ponies, The word group can be supplanted by : players gathering group organization Answer : b) a gathering of ponies Where does the story occur ? Answer : the story happens in India Find and rundown all the formal people, places or things from the story : Answer : Akbar, Birbal, Afghanistan, India What sort of stories did the Emperor like ? Answer : He preferred accounts of different terrains In the sentence Isnt that absurd? The word absurd can be supplanted by : Astute Shrewd Senseless Reasonable Answer : c) senseless In the sentence : He preferred tuning in to accounts of different terrains What does different grounds implies ? Answer : It implies different nations. What are side interests ? Answer : an action that you appreciate doing in your available time ( intrigue, side interest) Was the pony seller a legitimate individual and why ? Answer : No he was not genuine on the grounds that he didn't return with more ponies. For what reason did the pony seller go to the castle ? Answer : He came to sell ponies.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Intervention essays

Intercession expositions Intercede with the Violators In the course of recent decades, numerous Egos have been pushing and campaigning for human rights. Associations, for example, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have been members in universal illicit relationships with respect to Human rights infringement and abuses. It is the obligation of the universal network to mediate in any general public abusing and abusing its populace. By interceding, not exclusively do the infringement become freely investigated, however these being abused get backhanded help and the administrations of the violator states are tainted with outside impacts planning to restore human respect instead of making war or more violations against man. The general faith in the twentieth century is that the worldwide network ought to mediate in any general public that disregards nonexclusive human rights. Three reasons I discover fundamental for intercession are to keep up universal security; to maintain human rights, particularly the privilege to life; and to reduce enduring brought about by starvation or other helpful person crisis(Clemens 481). Intercession can be mentioned by a host government looking for help, forced on an administration that is compromising or imperiling its own kin or others, or given to states where rebellion has overran the administration. Intercession is brought since there is an unfairness happening on the universal level, and ordinarily it can not be halted from where it is occurring. Three significant kinds of intruding can influence the infringement of human rights. Through uncommon journalists, occasional reports, and associations, for example, the European Court of Human Rights, abuse of individuals have diminished in view of the UNs intercession. The United Nations made a region inside itself to screen and fix human rights infringement that were spotted inside the partaking nations. In each of ... <!

Thursday, August 20, 2020

Treatment for Women With ADHD

Treatment for Women With ADHD ADHD Treatment Print Treatment for Women With ADHD By Keath Low Keath Low, MA, is a therapist and clinical scientist with the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities at the University of North Carolina. She specializes in treatment of ADD/ADHD. Learn about our editorial policy Keath Low Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on October 18, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on August 12, 2019 ADHD Overview Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment Living With In Children Ariel Skelley / Getty Images Women face an additional challenge when treating their ADHD. Hormones! The natural fluctuations of hormones, both monthly and through the different phases of life, can increase ADHD symptoms. However, when you understand what is happening and why, you feel empowered and in a stronger position to seek the best treatment for your ADHD. ADHD, Estrogen, and the Brain Estrogen is one of the main hormones  that is responsible for regulating the female reproductive system. Estrogen also plays a role in cognitive functions as it is involved in the modulation of the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. These neurotransmitters help with focus, concentration, mood, and memory.  Estrogen levels vary considerably in the last two weeks of the menstrual cycle and, during perimenopause and menopause. When estrogen levels are low, you may experience increased feelings of irritability, moodiness, and depression, problems with sleep, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, fuzzy thinking, forgetfulness and memory problems, fatigue and loss of energy, as well as hot flashes. Women with ADHD tend to be particularly sensitive to lower estrogen levels. ADHD itself is associated with a dysfunction  in the neurotransmitter systems in the brain. Hormones and ADHD Stimulants The stimulant medication used to treat ADHD increases the release of certain neurotransmitters, most notably dopamine and norepinephrine. They also block or slow down their speed of reabsorption. This means that the neurotransmitters stay in the neural synapse longer, allowing messages in the brain to be more effectively transmitted and received; and as  a result, your ADHD symptoms are reduced. Studies have found that estrogen may aid in the effectiveness of stimulants. Conversely, lower levels of estrogen are often associated with less effectiveness from or less response to stimulant medications. To complicate things further, the hormone progesterone may  make stimulants less potent.  Let’s look at how estrogen levels change throughout your life. Puberty The onset of puberty is also associated with changes in hormonal levels and so early adolescent  girls with ADHD may experience increased difficulties in managing ADHD symptoms. It is not unusual for girls to also experience intense mood swings, irritability and become more over-reactive emotionally during the pubescent years. Also, in their early teenage years, girls may start noticing that their ADHD medication is not as effective in helping them to manage their ADHD symptoms. This may be  because, during puberty, both estrogen and progesterone levels increase. While estrogen seems to aid in the effectiveness of stimulants, progesterone likely decreases it. PMS During the monthly menstrual cycle, there are fluctuations in both estrogen and progesterone levels, and there tend to be varying response rates to the stimulant medications. It is helpful to track your symptoms by keeping a log or simple journal, noting when symptoms seem to escalate during your cycle. This way you and your doctor will have a clearer picture of the specific patterns you are experiencing and you can work to develop coping strategies to minimize any negative impact. Pregnancy Many women report that ADHD symptoms decrease during pregnancy, as this is when estrogen levels tend to be much higher. However, not every woman experiences a decrease in ADHD symptoms. In addition, doctors often advise women to stop taking their ADHD medication during pregnancy, which means pregnancy can be a challenging time as you are managing ADHD symptoms without medication. Postpartum After the baby is born, estrogen levels drop and ADHD symptoms return (or persist). Postpartum depression is something that can appear for new ADHD moms, particularly if depression was a condition that coexisted with ADHD before pregnancy.  The lack of sleep that comes with a new baby, as well as the stress while you create a new routine, can make ADHD symptoms worse. If you are breastfeeding, it is important to get advice from your doctor before you start taking  ADHD medication again. Breastfeeding, Medications, and Milk Supply Perimenopause and ADHD Perimenopause often begins when a woman is in her late 30s or early 40s. It is the transition phase where a woman moves out of her reproductive years and into menopause. During this time estrogen levels can fluctuate.    You may notice that ADHD symptoms appear to be getting worse. A change in ADHD medication dosage can be helpful. Also, speak with your doctor if you feel depressed or anxious as these conditions can also appear at this time. Menopause and ADHD Menopause typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, with the average age at approximately 51. With the onset of menopause, there is a significant  drop in estrogen levels for most women. However, many women say that once they reach menopause, they feel better than they did during perimenopause because their estrogen levels have stabilized. A Word From Verywell Throughout your life and your hormonal changes, be open with your doctor about your symptoms, so that they can get  a clear picture of what you are experiencing when they are prescribing medication.  Knowing that you will likely be making adjustments in treatment strategies at various stages of your life can also help you to be proactive in keeping your ADHD symptoms under better control. The 9 Best Online Therapy Programs

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Classical Liberal Theory - 1055 Words

Classical Liberal Theory Classical liberalism is a very interesting political theory. The underlying belief is that what makes a person human is freedom from the dependence on the will of others. It is complete freedom from any relations with others, except those entered voluntarily. Another main point of classical liberalism is that the individual is the owner of his person and his capacities, for which he owes nothing to society. The individual, although free, has no power to limit anyone elses freedom. Classical liberalism includes the following: an ethical emphasis on the individual as a rights-bearer prior to the existence of any state, community, or society, the support of the right of property carried to its economic†¦show more content†¦Equality leads to isolation of individuals. This is just what despotism requires. Equality places men side by side, unconnected by any common tie; despotism raises barriers to keep them asunder; the former predisposes them not to consider their fellow-creatur es, the latter makes general indifference a sort of public virtue. (Vol2, Book2, Chap4) As Tocqueville wrote, No sooner does a government attempt to go beyond its political sphere and to enter upon this new track, than it exercises, even unintentionally, an insupportable tyranny; for a government can only dictate strict rules, the opinions which it favors are rigidly enforced, and it is never easy to discriminate between its advice and its commands.(Vol2,book2,chap5) The principles which despotism produces are precisely those which equality fosters. These two things mutually complete and assist each other. Equality places men side by side, unconnected by any common tie; despotism raises barriers to keep them this way. Equality predisposes them not to consider their fellow-creatures, and despotism makes general indifference as far as society is concerned. The best way citizens can protect themselves from a despotic overthrow is to be aware of what is going on around them. They must not become so caught up in their individualism that they lose site of their neighbors. Tocqueville stated that it is getting involved in local affairs that bringShow MoreRelatedTo What Extent Does Modern Liberalism Depart from Classical Liberalism1624 Words   |  7 PagesThe classical liberal ideology emerged as a result of the Enlightenment period, which brought about new philosophies, challenging the existing assumptions about the nature of humankind and society. Modern liberalism developed around 1870 as a result of both philosophical and practical changes, including mass industrialisation. Classical liberals argue that modern liberalism has broken the principles of doctrines central to liberal thought whilst modern liberals claim that they are simply adaptingRead MoreThe Classical Liberalism Theory1016 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The Classical liberalism theory mainly emphasis is sited on shielding the freedom of the individual by restricting the power of the government. Classical liberalism is a wide philosophy of politics, economics, and human society that upholds individual freedom and the acknowledgement of universal human dignity. The most important features of The classical liberalism theory is consist of the following beliefs: All human beings have intrinsic dignity and worth, all individuals have intrinsicRead MoreHow Liberism has Evolved During the 20th Century980 Words   |  4 Pagesdominated political ideas for almost two decades since the 1970s but the liberal demand of limiting powers of the state has made it seem more radical. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Love over Friendship - 862 Words

A pleasant morning/afternoon to each and every one. Today, I will discuss a certain topic to you. And all I need is you to listen. Is that okay? Alright. Let’s start. Friendship Over Love *Is this phrase, hits you? If not, maybe you haven’t experienced it yet. But if yes, how did you overcome with this? Did you choose between the two? Or you just did something to let them stay in your life? Okay. *First slide ppt* *All of us had friends, right? Best friends, close friends, barkada, tropa or whatever name we call our friends. Friendship is a certain bond between two or more people. Like acquaintances. It is the word that describes your relationship with your friend. The trials and experiences you had and the moments you chose to†¦show more content†¦*Second, same situation but you have realized something; something that turned you out to choose your friends over you boyfriend/girlfriend. And that you realized your friendship is more valuable than the relationship that you have with your boyfriend/girlfriend. *But choosing between them, almost half of your heart will be broken. Why?! And that’s because they have been a great part in your life, am I right? Of course I am. *But why do you need to choose? If you can let them both stay in your life, right? You only need to find a balance between the two, so your relationships (with your friends and with your boyfriend/girlfriend) won’t suffer. Don’t spend all of your time with your friends or to your boyfriend/girlfriend, you need to be fair with them so that no conflict or sufferings will occur. Find the time to go out with your buddies and the time to do something with your boy/girl so everybody is pleased. Remember, balance is the key to all long and healthy relationships. *last slide ppt* *That would be all, thank you for listening! And by the way, if you are wondering who I am, I am Florence V. Galleto, grade 10 student from St. Mark class. Once again, thank you very much, and have a greatShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Emily Brontes Love And Friendship737 Words   |  3 PagesWill the darkness  overtake  us  as  the sun stops shining on our lives? The sun  shining  on us flu ctuates over the seasons as our relationships vary over time. These relationships  are established throughout our lives, but which of these will flourish even in the dark  instants.  In  her poem Love and  Friendship  Emily  Bronte queries the preceding statements, by speaking about its flourishing and deadness at  certain  moments. She does this with the utilization of  naturistic  imagery  and  figurative languageRead MoreThe Theme of Friendship in John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men659 Words   |  3 Pagesfriends named Lennie and George. George promises Aunt Clara that he will watch over Lennie because of his mental disability. 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Modern interpretations of friendship and love will guide this explication, asRead More Ciceros De Amicitia Essays1263 Words   |  6 Pagesunique perspective to the topic of friendship and how it relates to death. The word amicitia comes from the Latin root word amor which is translated to mean â€Å"love†. In this day and age the word friendship has taken on a slightly different meaning from the ancient meaning. Cicero’ s De Amicitia seeks to define what friendship is, its characteristics and principles. He has challenged us to reconsider what constitutes a true friend. Upon observing a typical friendship it becomes clear to us that thisRead MoreAnalysis of Ciceros Laelius de Amicitia1267 Words   |  6 Pagesunique perspective to the topic of friendship and how it relates to death. The word amicitia comes from the Latin root word amor which is translated to mean love. In this day and age the word friendship has taken on a slightly different meaning from the ancient meaning. Cicero s De Amicitia seeks to define what friendship is, its characteristics and principles. He has challenged us to reconsider what constitutes a true friend. Upon observing a typical friendship it becomes clear to us that thisRead MoreEssay When Souls Intertwine1641 Words   |  7 PagesVirtuous friends are your true friends. What is true friendship? How do you know when someone is not only your friend, but your true friend? Some may say that a true friend is loyal, honest, and cares for you, someone who would die for you. Some may agree with Aristotles view of friendship. He classifies friendship into three categories: friendship for utility, pleasure, or virtue. Aristotle says a virtuous friendship is when you wish good things for the other person.Read MoreFriendship By William Shakespeare s The Merchant Of Venice1727 Words   |  7 PagesFriendship is an idea which spans all cultures, but is expressed differently across cultural boundaries. In William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice, the idea of friendship is critical, not only to the plot, but also for character development. A friend is, â€Å"A person with whom one has developed a close and informal relationship of mutual trust and intimacy; (more generally) a close acquaintance. Often with adjective indicating the closeness of the relationship, asbest, good, close, etc.†(OxfordRead MoreTheories of Love and Friendship Essay1088 Words   |  5 PagesRelationships and friendships have evolved significantly over the centuries. Quality of life was influenced by accepted practices related to theories of love and friendship. Exploring Medieval Europe and modern day approaches to relationships provide a clear illustration of how relationships have positively evolved over time. Theories of love and friendship have emerged from the early medieval period over 2000 years ago with notable theories from Plato and Aristotle. Plato (428-348 or 347Read MoreThe Ethics Of The Nicomachean Ethics1356 Words   |  6 Pages is friendship. He debates that friendship is complete virtue and above justice and morality in which is why it should be so highly valued. His interpretation of friendship is abundantly deeper than one simple type or definition. Aristotle believes that there are three different kinds of friendship; that of utility, a pleasurable friendship, and a friendship of virtue. A friendship of utility is based on those who are useful to one another which is the only sole purpose for their friendship. TheyRead MoreFriendship Idiom1516 Words   |  7 PagesFriendship â€Å"A true friend is someone who thinks that you are a good egg even though he knows that you are slightly cracked.† –Bernard Meltzer A friend is one who knows us, but loves us anyway. – Fr. Jerome Cumnings Remember, the greatest gift is not found in a store nor under a tree, but in the hearts of true friends. –Cindy Lee Who finds a faithful friends, finds a treasure. – Jewish Saying â€Å"Your friend is the man who knows all about you, and still likes you† –Elbert Hubbard What is a friend

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effective Methods to Learn New Vocabulary Free Essays

Shiyu Wang EDI 300 Dr. Pole 09/26/2011 The Effective Methods To Learn New Vocabulary Vocabulary is one of the three main elements of language, and it is the base of literature. Whatever people communicate with others by any language, and the first requirement is that people must have certain vocabulary. We will write a custom essay sample on The Effective Methods to Learn New Vocabulary or any similar topic only for you Order Now In study activities, teachers emphasize listening, speaking, reading, and writing, but students cannot learn without vocabulary. Vocabulary learning is a process of memorizing and recognizing. If students don’t have enough vocabulary, they will spend more time to read, and they are not interested in the books they read. Learning language base is very important in English teaching, and learning language base includes knowledge and skill. For accumulating vocabulary knowledge, and pointing to the difficulties to students, some researchers provide some methods below to develop the learning qualities. In the beginning, vocabulary learning includes two sides, and they are accumulating and understanding. The purpose of learning vocabulary is letting students handle every word, so the best method of learning vocabulary is by reading. If they handle the sentences, they will remember the words. One disadvantage of learning by rote is that all words are in alphabetical order, and student cannot be interested in those words because of no connection with their life. This will be a very passive activity, but memorizing is active. For example, people might remember name of the person they want to make friend with. That is not because you repeat it, but also you are memory activator. The other disadvantage is that even though people remember the meanings of the words, they cannot use them to write articles. In different language environment, one word has different meanings. So, using sentence frame to develop vocabulary is a better method. If you read a sentence every day, the value will be more than that people recite twenty words. Dr. Kesler â€Å"prompted students to continue using the textual information to consider the word’s meaning. After reading, we revisited the words in context and how often they appeared in the text. The students then refined and generated new possible sentences that we discussed based on new textual information. (Ted 2) Reading is good, but the sentences should be found in our favorite articles. Firstly, people must love that sentence, because understanding is the basic of using. For instance, when I read Mark Twain, one sentence is written like that â€Å"†¦constantly worries about money as her family teetered between near-prosperity and genteel poverty. † This sentence describes the family economic situation exactly. Because I love this sentence, I immediately remember the word â€Å"teeter†. Then, American sociologist, Dr. Hymes stated that only studying one language is not enough, students must have the ability of communicating by the language. They must understand how to use suitable methods to express the true purpose, and this expression method depends on the social cultural background. The cultural background is abundant. Generally, learning vocabulary has the firm connection with learning cultural background. Therefore, during the studying process, we might meet many words related to culture, when we learn these words, we should know the culture around the words. For that reason, they are not separated. I am an international student in the USA, so I live in a totally different culture environment, so the same meaning word has different meaning and usage in different culture environment. For example, in American people mind, â€Å"week† is from Sunday to Saturday, but in Chinese culture, â€Å"week† is from Monday to Sunday. At the same time, in different culture background, every word have abundant cultural connotation except denotation. Therefore, people should communicate with others by mixing language and culture. On the other side, good culture knowledge can not lead people communicate with others. Reading a lot of newspaper, books, and movies can let students understand the suitable environment, and they can know the true meaning of the vocabulary, so they will have the ability to communicate with other people, and get the purpose of using the new words. Using new pictures to learn and review Next, teachers should develop the interests of learning words. For changing the boring learning methods, they must use several different teaching ways to let students are interested in new vocabulary by themselves. Firstly, teachers can use new pictures to learn and review, so they can use several pictures to lead students to learn. For example, they can create many kinds of picture cards to learn fruit and vegetable words. Those cards will catch children’s attention, and this will be the best time to remember vocabulary. Secondly, teachers can use real things. Students don’t like boring lecture, but several real things are close to the reality life, so they can see and touch the objects, so they will develop their study interests, then teachers can teach new words with letting students look at the real objects. Thirdly, teachers can let students to sing songs. If teachers can compose the songs by the new words, they can let students sing with performance, and it will build a relaxing study environment. Fourthly, playing games is also a good method to let students have study interests, and it can change the boring language situation to be an interesting course structure that students can accept. Fifthly, teachers can use some simple drawing. When they draw the pictures, they will remember the words effectively. In Janet Towell’s E-journal named Fun with vocabulary, she also introduce many other interesting ways to learn vocabulary, like color shock. It â€Å"is a technique that was originally designed for right-brained, learning disabled students to help them remember sight words. Right-brained children seem to have a special sensitivity for bright colors. † (Janet 356) This way is using different colors with different letters, so it will be a best way to learn words. The other way she Word cross game show readers is onsets and rimes, and â€Å" this technique for developing phonemic awareness can help beginning readers quickly and effectively learn many sight words using word patterns. (Janet 356) Those methods are all good for students to learn new vocabulary. Last but not least, technology will be another effective methods to learn new vocabulary. Using new technology can imitate several situations, and in teaching process. Firstly, powerpoint can be used independently without other software. Powerpoint can link to video, flash, picture, and other audio records, and teachers can show the course content by several medi a. Powerpoint is very active, and it cannot only catch students’ attention, but also help student remember words well. Secondly, study is a process of structure knowledge and studying actively. Therefore, teachers should let students think continuously, and get knowledge by thinking. By looking flash, students will find that words can have their living power because changing can develop memory. Thirdly, teachers try their best to using the Internet resource. On the Internet, students can read some materials that are related to the content they need to learn. They will understand the textbooks deeply, and at the same time, they will develop their reading ability. Dr. Dalton thinks that â€Å"teachers can create a digital version of a vocabulary field trip using a free program called TrackStar. It allows you to collect a series of websites and annotate them so that students follow the online journal. † (Bridget 4) They also can use advantage of online word reference tools as teaching tools, for example, â€Å"the visual thesaurus website complement its freebased content with free information such as the Behind the Dictionary and Teachers at work. † (Bridget 4) Additionally, students can exchange their thoughts with other students on the Internet. In conclusion, Emily Dickinson writes a poem called A Word that â€Å" A word is dead When it is said, Some say, I say it just Begins to live That day. † So, learning new vocabulary can be very interesting, and there are many different effective methods to remember words. Fluent language cannot exist without huge vocabulary accumulating, so enjoying vocabulary is the basic of learning language well. Without vocabulary, reading, translating, and writing cannot continue. Language learning develops by practicing and repeating, so teachers must keep students’ passion. Interest is the best teacher. The effective method to make vocabulary learning active is a necessary way teachers must research. Works Cited The Reading Teacher. Newark, Del. , etc: International Reading Association, 1989. Internet resource. Reading Teacher. Newark, Del: International Reading Association, 1900. Internet resource. â€Å"Games. † Photograph. Webshots. 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. ;http://vocabulary. net/games/; â€Å"Basic Vocabulary Skills Cards. † Photograph. Webshots. 22 August. 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. ;http://www. ssww. com/item/basic-vocabulary-skills-cards-LR1184/; How to cite The Effective Methods to Learn New Vocabulary, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Process Of Decision Making and Challenge †

Question: Discuss about the Process Of Decision Making. Answer: Introduction The management of the company is faced with a challenging task of taking decisions. Therefore, it is imperative that the management must have strong skills and mechanism that will aid in the process of decision making. In this assignment, the major emphasis is on the usage of techniques such as scenario, sensitivity, break-even and simulation. The assignment even sheds light on the manner the decision making is impacted by the use of such techniques. Mainly it stresses on the capital budgeting technique. Sensitivity Analysis Force and difficulty are the two key factors under which a business functioning takes place. Time has passed on and with that, the market has seen a significant change in the key factors of business functioning. Internal and external factors both are equally essential for the business functioning. Internal policies, management, etc are the forms in which internal factors exist. Whereas, the framing of new policies, changes in demand pattern, etc are the forms of external factors. It is impossible to control the external factors and as a result, the profit of the company gets affected. Thus, to avoid and eliminate such situations, the company can follow an efficient process that proves to be a boon in assessing the sensitivity of the sales, cost and the alterations in the income pattern. This method is termed as a sensitivity analysis. It is an analyzing process which helps to view the changes in the variables, and also it is a scientific method to see the practicability of the partic ular project. The unfavorable changes and alteration are the ones that are taken into utter consideration under this process and are treated so as for be known as the prosperity of the venture. Sensitivity analysis forms a major part of the Capital Budgeting (Peirson et. al, 2015). It increases the visibility factor against the key variables that affect the cost and venture assistance. This process helps to trace cost pertained operations in these stages. It gives a firm view of the changes and also depicts whether the changes would be favorable for the company or not. Sensitivity Analysis in Capital Budgeting A boon that exists to provide the company a clear view of the changes and, whether those will be favorable for the cash flow and the venture assistance or not is generally known as Sensitivity analysis. The main target of the sensitivity analysis is not the evaluation of risks. The receptiveness of the NVP is the main matter of concern in a sensitivity analysis, much more than risk evaluation. It proves to be a boon for the particular manager so as to decide the perfect strategy as per the situations and essential reasoning on the other hand which helps to explain the fact that under which circumstances, the venture stood up as a successful plan. Alterable assumption or estimation of a project is covered by this method in capital budgeting (Brealey et. al, 2015). Number of selling units, project completion time, cost of capital and many more factors are to be paid attention whenever a capital budgeting decision is being taken. In these cases, it is necessary that the assumptions being considered are well stated and valid. The success of the sensitivity analysis is made in terms of the result attained to the assumption made at the initial stages of the venture (Petty et. al, 2012). Sensitivity analysis alters some assumptions while keeping others stable and ascertains the alteration in NVP or IRR. Scenario Analysis Scenario analysis can be defined as a process that helps in evaluating a specific project by taking into consideration various assumptions and factors. Specifically, scenario analysis can be stated as a mechanism that helps in evaluating a project by knowing different situation or scenarios. Through scenario analysis, it is easy for the management of the company to assess every alternate outcome of any project that comes in the way. It is famous for ascertaining the scenario that is worst and helps in predicting the losses and other issues that emerge in the operations (Da, 2012). The process can be a strong guide to know about the fall in sales and lays a strong foundation when it comes to the process of capital budgeting. In short, this method can be used in terms of evaluation. An apt example of this mechanism is when the manager creates a budget but is not certain of the revenues or the income. The part of scenario analysis comes to the forefront and enables the manager to know t he income possibility and then application of probability analysis is done. In this scenario, the worst and the best case scenario can be segregated. The best case for the manager will be where the company will fetch a gross income of $1, 50,000 and the cost of goods sold stands at $50,000 hence a gross profit of $1,00,000 can be derived. Secondly, the worst scenario for the manager will be when the gross income will be $70,000 and the cost of goods sold stands at $30,000. Here, a gross profit of $40,000 can be recorded. The scenario analysis is a perfect tool in this condition. As per Correia et. al (2015) when a project is initiated it is vital that the scenario of the project must be studied in an effective manner. When it comes to an investment opportunity then the company must undertake a scenario analysis by tracing the IRR and the NPV by considering various rates of cost of capital. At the same instance, the management can even conduct scenario analysis by tracing the IRR and NPV at different levels. When scenario analysis is done through capital budgeting mechanism it enables the management to conduct a real time analysis of the project that helps in taking a fast decision (Parrino et. al, 2012). Break even analysis A very important method known as the break even analysis is used under situations when multiple questions or queries arise in association with the profitability gained due to the product and services of the company. Its use can be linked either with a product or a service. This particular method can be used to answer questions relating to the minimum sales that the company must have so as to help the company survive without any losses on its part and also to lessen the sales of some products while keeping the profits stable (Damodaran, 2012). Break even analysis answers to all the questions in relation to a new project like profit assumption, whether it will have a positive curve or a negative one. Break even analysis is important to the manager so as to see that the maintained stock of product or products will adhere to their profitability and volume or not. This method is used whenever a company wants to set up a breakeven point so as to show the net income as zero and in order to do so, the company has to ensure whether their stock is in association with the cost of the company and this can be done by the break even analysis. It provides a healthy understanding in the terms of variable and fixed cost. The validity of the project is determined by capital budgeting but break even depicts the profit making percentage of the project undertaken (Graham smart, 2012). It is required to set up firm and targeted break even analysis on a new project while deciding itsfinances so as to get a vision of the project in the future which states its efficiency and successfulness. The manager should be familiar with the break even analysis so as to decide accurate strategy and take the perfe ct decisions. The forum for the break even stands: BEQ FC / (P-VC) Where BEQ = Break-even quantity FC = Total fixed costs P = Average price per unit, and VC = Variable costs per unit. (Pratt: 2016) Simulation In order to have a view to the risky functions, pre determination of the probability distribution and the random numbers is made and all this is done on the basis of simulation. Usage of the mechanism of the cash flow is done in a very mathematical way with several repetitions to undertake the process (James, 2010). All this is performed by the manager of the venture. Increase in the probability distribution can be seen as a resource of this undertaken process which is predictable. This process is a boon for the manager as he gets a clear value of the probability distribution for cash inflow and the generated random numbers so as to assign values to different variables. When such values are taken into account and recorded then it results in NVP (Abor, 2017). The probability distribution of the net current value is easy to be calculated if the same above process is repeated countless times by the manager of the venture. As per James (2010), an analysis of the cash flow is hard and if it is discounted then it is very difficult to get hands on it. This stress is easily solved by the process of simulation as it a powerful spreadsheet which helps the manager in these risk evaluation activities. All the future circumstances regarding the project are easily visional with simulation as it provides a clear view of the alteration of the variables in the future. It also possesses solutions for those loopholes which are prominent in sensitivity analysis and this makes simulation better than sensitivity analysis. Simulation fails to set an example and arrive at any particular decision which is practical in nature and ends with real life. This is because the simulation is a method which follows a series of mathematical calculations of variables whose values taken into account are the one as per the records of the previous years and the values keep on changing with time. The use of simulation made by the managers is done in a multiple numbers of steps. Important values and their assessment are all done by the simulation process followed by the manager, all this comes under the topic of modeling and this includes a whole lot of mathematical functioning (Abor, 2017). A defined particular probability value always exists for all the important variables that exist either individually or as a base joined with any previously observed data. Also, it is obvious that the utilization of computer has made the process of simulation easier. The result of the calculations made by simulation is of great significance to the managers as its gives a thorough knowledge about future aspects and helps in decision making and also to evaluate the risk that follows instead of a defined tip assumption. Thus, it can be said that a practical view is provided by simulation to the managers to know the selectivity of the venture (Petters Dong, 2016). The most important plus point of the simulation is that it provides in numerable venture estimates. For instance, a selected project of 99% positivity and IRR more than the cost of capital can always prove to be a very fruitful project as the project ensures high return with very minimal chances of failing. But on the other hand, it is also to be seen that massive project with beneficial return has much more risks (Guerard, 2013). Thus, it is prominent that no NVP can touch the 100% mark as the ventures that earn the cost of capital are risky also. Thus, the process of simulation can be helpful to the managers to view and highlight the inventors predisposition in respect to the particular venture. Conclusion From the above study, it is clear that the management of the company can use a variety of methods for ascertaining a project. It is upon the management to use the method as per their suitability and determine whether a particular project must be selected or not. The feasibility of the project can be known with the aid of capital budgeting mechanisms like IRR and NPV. The study indicates that the utilization of the method is as per the demand of the situation and as per the need. However, the presence of various method is a benefit to the management while making crucial decisions. References Abor, J.Y 2017, Evaluating Capital Investment Decisions: Capital Budgeting. InEntrepreneurialFinance for MSMEs, Springer International Publishing. Brealey, R. A, Myers, S. A Marcus, A. J., 2015, Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, 8th ed, Australia: McGraw-Hill Irwin. Correia, C, Mayall, P, O'Grady, B Pang, J., 2005, Corporate Financial Management, 2nd ed. Perth: Skystone Investments Pty Ltd. Da, Z, Guo, R.J. Jagannathan, R 2012, CAPM for estimating the cost of equity capital: Interpreting the empirical evidence, Journal of Financial Economics vol. 103, pp. 204220 Damodaran, A 2012, Investment Valuation, New York: John Wiley Sons. Graham, J Smart, S 2012, Introduction to corporate finance, Australia: South-Western Cengage Learning. Guerard, J. 2013,Introduction to financial forecasting in investment analysis, New York, NY: Springer. James P. D 2010, Topics in Capital Budgeting, viewed 5 September 2017 Parrino, R, Kidwell, D. Bates, T 2012, Fundamentals of corporate finance, Hoboken Peirson, G, Brown, R., Easton, S., Howard, P Pinder, S 2015, Business Finance, 12th ed., North Ryde: McGraw-Hill Australia. Petters, A.O Dong, X., 2016, Capital Market Theory and Portfolio Risk Measures InAn Introduction to Mathematical Finance with Applications, Springer New York. Petty, J. W, Titman, S., Keown, A. J., Martin, J. D., Burrow, M., and Nguyen, H., 2012, Financial Management: Principles and Applications, 6th ed., Australia: Pearson Education Australia. Prat, R 2016. Five Objections Against Using a Size Premium When Estimating the Required Return of Capital with the Capital Asset Pricing Model. Madimon consulting